The Teaching will be both practical and gamificationbased learning. Students will have at their disposal the important elements of the theory concerning accelerated motion, inclined plane motion, the fixed pulley, and the work – energy theorem. For the experiment to be successful, students must have a thorough understanding of the theory before moving on to the practical part. For the better practice of the students, 4 different quizzes will be performed for each of the above theoretical units. The quizzes will be online with multiple choice questions.
The description of the motion of a body as a function of time is t part of mechanics called kinematics. When, however, we associate motion with the forces acting on a body, we are dealing with dynamics. A fundamental problem of the dynamics of a body is to find out how the body will move, when we know the forces that affect it. In other words, we must find that the position of the body under study changes with time. Students in this way are able to study the acceleration of a body based on its motion on an inclined plane. In this way they have the ability to improve their observation and their ability to study motion and mechanical phenomena.
The purpose of the experiment is an experimental determination of the acceleration of gravity g, as well as the verification of the workenergy theorem.
You are a Research Team and you have been hired by NASA to study the motion of a rocket that will be sent into space to study a meteorite that threatens to hit Earth. Your mission is to study the motion of the rocket and specifically the acceleration of it due to gravity. The work – energy theorem must also be verified.
List of skills:
Gamification, “Conventional” learning activities, Classroom response systems, forming and framing questions.
4 hours
Accelerated motion
Slope movement
Fixed Pulley
Work – Energy Theorem
Accelerated motion, Slope movement, Fixed pulley, Work energy theorem
Use the Scientific Inquiry model and the Test Your Idea template to help you with your investigative question. See Annex I. and II.
The knowledge gained in this lesson can be used in proving the acceleration of gravity. Some examples are the study of the motion of airplanes, the floating of ships through the law of buoyancy, even the motion of cars since the friction on the tires depends on the acceleration of gravity. It can be used in fields of Physics, Maths and Engineering.
Engage: Teacher helps students reflect on what they already know and identify any knowledge gaps. It is important to foster an interest in the upcoming concepts so students will be ready to learn. Teachers might task students with asking opening questions or writing down what they already know about the topic. This is also when the concept is introduced to students for the first time.
Initially, the students will be divided into 2 groups. The teacher will give everyone some video links and some notes which they will see at home. These videos contain some parts of the theory that students need to know before starting the experiment. It is important for students to fully understand the concepts and phenomena that will be studied. Then students have to answer some multiplechoice questions based on the content of these videos. They will then have to write down on a piece of paper their questions about the theory which will be discussed in class. The purpose of this exercise is for group A to express their questions to group B and to have a discussion and consequently an exchange of knowledge between the groups. Any questions that are not answered by any group will be answered by the teacher. The questionandanswer process will give students the opportunity to express their questions and then try to answer their classmates’ questions. Finally, students should make assumptions about the results of the experiment and at the end examine whether these results were indeed correct.
Materials: Video links, notes, questionnaire, paper
Preparation: [20] Minutes to prepare the lab for the experiments
Facilitation of Learning Experience: [10] Minutes
Transition: [5] Minutes
Teacher will: lead the Q&A sessions, explain concepts at the beginning of each of the 4 lessons
Students will: listen intently, take notes, and ask questions
Explore: During the exploration phase, students actively explore the new concept through concrete learning experiences. They might be asked to go through the scientific method and communicate with their peers to make observations. This phase allows students to learn in a handson way.
Materials: Practical equipment and analysis of each part
Preparation: [20] Minutes
Facilitation of Learning Experience: [30] Minutes
Transition: [2] Minutes
Teacher will: : Facilitate the practical class, give instruction to students and make them aware of health and safety
Students will: Carry out their practicals safely and accurately, students will read the instructions and understand them before commencing with the practical.
Explain: This is a teacherled phase that helps students synthesise new knowledge and ask questions if they need further clarification. For the Explain phase to be effective, teachers should ask students to share what they learned during the Explore phase before introducing technical information in a more direct manner, according to “The 5E Instructional Model: A Learning Cycle Approach for InquiryBased Science Teaching.” This is also when teachers utilise video, computer software, or other aides to boost understanding.
If students are finding it difficult to carry out any of the practicals, the teacher would further explain and can address the difficulty during the practical.
Materials: Lab equipment to support further explanation
Preparation: [2] Minutes
Facilitation of Learning Experience: [5] Minutes
Transition: [0] Minutes
Teacher will: Further explain the concept or technique to be applied in the lab
Students will: Listen intently and apply the knowledge
Elaborate: The elaboration phase of the 5E Model focuses on giving students space to apply what they’ve learned. This helps them to develop a deeper understanding. Teachers may ask students to create presentations or conduct additional investigations to reinforce new skills. This phase allows students to cement their knowledge before evaluation.
After each lesson, students are asked to work in groups and research the topic in more detail. They will then prepare a presentation as a homework and teach the class a different aspect of the practical.
Materials: Power point software, notes
Preparation: Approximately [90] Minutes for students to carry out research and prepare the slides
Facilitation of Learning Experience: [15] Minutes per group to present their lesson
Transition: [1] Minute
Teacher will: Evaluate a presentation given by the students on what they found after the practical analysis.
Students will: Present to the teacher and will answer relevant questions by the teacher to assess their level of understanding.
Evaluate: The 5E Model allows for both formal and informal assessment. During this phase, teachers can observe their students and see whether they have a complete grasp of the core concepts. It is also helpful to note whether students approach problems in a different way based on what they learned. Other helpful elements of the Evaluate phase include selfassessment, peerassessment, writing assignments, and exams.
Students have at their disposal notes and video links so that they can fully understand the basic points of the theory. The teacher will then give them a questionnaire so that they can determine the level at which they have understood what has been said.
Materials: Questionnaire
Preparation: [10] Minutes
Facilitation of Learning Experience: [5] Minutes to provide students with the questionnaire and [45] minutes for students to answer the questions
Transition: [0] Minutes
Teacher will: Give students instructions about the procedure and answer any questions that students might have
Students will: Fully understand the theory by video links and notes and then answer the questionnaire
Independent learning tasks (ILT): Provide twothree challenges to students to complete before the next lesson.
Students will receive feedback on their performance in both the questionnaire and the course in general. Students will also give feedback on whether they liked the way the lesson was conducted and the content.
The knowledge gained by the students in all 4 subjects can also be useful in the field of Physics and Mathematics.
Practical, student presentation, time bound assessment and Q&A.
Track
Air Compressor
Rotor
Sonar Ranger
Computer
Software
Thread
Sinker
Barrel
Precision Mechanical Scales
Space meter
Eyeglasses
Laboratory coats
Gloves
The teacher should find the appropriate video links and notes with the main points of the theory so that the students can study them before starting the process. Also, the teacher must have the questionnaires ready for the examination of the students. Students should study what the teacher has given them and ask questions that will be answered in class.
Students will work in groups. This will help to create a sense of teamwork and solidarity between them. They will learn to listen and help their colleagues. It also creates a sense of competition, which can improve team efficiency.

*Options: The more options the more student autonomy. Teachers give the students options so that the student can develop their problem solving skills. The more options the teacher gives to students, the student has greater opportunities for problem based learning and independent learning. This is measured against the practical rubrics from zero independent to full independent learning.
Annex. I.
Scientific Inquiry
Annex II.
Test Your Idea Template
Testing Your Idea Organizer  
1. Investigative Question
Your question should relate the manipulated variable to the responding variable. 
Investigative Question: How does the acceleration of gravity affect the motion of a car travelling downhill?

2. Hypothesis
Your hypothesis should be written as an “IF, THEN, BECAUSE” statement. 

3. Variables
● Manipulated Variable (What you will change) ● Responding Variable (What you will measure) ● Controlled Variables (What will remain constant throughout the test) 

4. Materials
Create a list of all materials you need.


5. Procedure
Should include… ● Manipulated Variable ● Responding Variable ● Controlled Variables ● Logical, Repeatable Steps ● Recording of Specific Data ● Repeated Trials 

6. Data
● Design a table for organising data you will be collecting during your test. ● Use your procedure to collect and record data. ● Display your data using appropriate graphs and/or charts.


7. Conclusion
● State your conclusion relating the manipulated variable to the responding variable. ● Use data to justify your conclusion. ● State whether your hypothesis can be accepted or rejected based on observed data.


8. Analysis
● Discuss potential sources of error and the potential influence on your results.
● Provide ideas on how and why the experimental design might be improved.
● Describe surprising data.
● List ideas for revising your test idea or new related ideas to test.


9. Present your findings to your class. 

Annex III.
Graph 1.0
Image 1.1
Image 1.2